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What Is Osteoarthritis, And How To Prevent It?

Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It involves the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage in one or more joints. Cartilage is the tissue that cushions between bones in a joint.

As cartilage breaks down, the bones beneath it change, and the joint can become impaired. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects joints in the knees, hips, lower back, neck, small hand joints, and big toe. There are degenerative cervical vertebrae treatments (กระดูกคอเสื่อมรักษา, which is the term in Thai) that can be used to relief from Osteoarthritis.

How To Prevent Osteoarthritis?

Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight can place extra stress on weight-bearing joints like knees and hips, accelerating cartilage damage. Stay active. Regular exercise can help strengthen muscles around joints and improve joint flexibility, mobility, and function. Modify high-impact activities. High-impact exercises like jogging can place a lot of stress on joints and hasten cartilage breakdown. Wear proper shoes. Wearing supportive, shock-absorbing footwear during exercise can protect knees and hips. Use joint braces and supports. Knee and joint braces can help by stabilizing joints and distributing stress more evenly.

Making these lifestyle changes and protecting joints from excessive or repetitive stress can help slow the progression of Osteoarthritis and maintain joint health and function for as long as possible. Switching to a healthy routine will help prevent joint pains and boost your metabolism, increasing good hormones and resistive power in the body.

What Are The Causes Of Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis has many causes, both modifiable and non-modifiable. Natural aging causes wear and tear on cartilage and joint structures over time. This is the most common cause of Osteoarthritis. Being overweight stresses weight-bearing joints like knees and hips, damaging cartilage and contributing to Osteoarthritis. Repeated joint stress from high-impact sports or jobs that involve heavy lifting can damage cartilage and lead to Osteoarthritis. Some people are born with joint abnormalities or defects in genes that make cartilage that is more susceptible to damage and Osteoarthritis. Habits like smoking and lack of exercise can increase inflammation and the risk of Osteoarthritis. Problems like rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation and structural changes that lead to Osteoarthritis.

It is important to note the symptoms before the condition gets worse. Most people suffer from joint pains and tend to neglect it, assuming it is casual. Neglecting symptoms might show a bad impact in the future.


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